The precocious James Joyce originally intended to be a medical student, but began to pursue publication after the death of his mother in 1903. What resulted was an oeuvre of novels, short stories, and even a play. Most recognized for his uber-realistic stream-of-consiousness style, Joyce's Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Ulysses, and Dubliners may well be the hallmark of early twentieth century literature. For more information, please see the A&E biography page and episode on the author. The full text of the short stories may be found here.