This page should get you through the basics. Don’t worry–we will cover this in class! If you have questions, email me or post it here. Otherwise, you can always find great tips at The Owl at Perdue.
The most-used kind of citation is called an in-text or parenthetical (like parenthesis) citation, and is used at the end of a sentence or quote where the primary idea is borrowed from someone else. This not only prevents plagiarism, but also shows respect to the people whose research you are using. In-text citations are abbreviated so they don’t take up much space in the body of your paper. At the end of your project, you will have a Works Cited page with more details.
In-Text Citations are pretty simple: just put the author’s last name and the page number of the material you are referencing. It will look like this: (Smith 34)
If there is no author listed, you can use the last name of the editor. A few rules apply: if you are referring to an idea, put the citation at the end of the sentence, with the period on the outside:
Some critics argue that a sense of humor may be necessary for success in the workplace (Smith 34).
The same thing applies if you are using a partial quote that does not end in a period:
Some critics argue that a sense of humor may be necessary to promote an “ideal working atmosphere” (Smith 34).
However, if the quote ends with a period, put the citation after:
Some critics argue that a sense of humor may “promote an ideal working atmosphere.” (Smith 34)
Ready for one more? If you use the name of the source first, you only have to list the page number:
Smith argues that a sense of humor may “promote an ideal working atmosphere.” (34)
Works Cited pages are always found at the end of your paper. They’re a little more complicated, but I’m going to keep it simple (we can go more in-depth in class). Here’s a picture of a works cited entry from the Owl at Perdue.
There other considerations for poems, songs, interviews, newspapers, websites, etc. Again, ask me if you need help!